Czeslaw Milosz, a Polish poet who defected to the United States in the mid-20th Century, exemplifies the cross-cultural influences characteristic of transnational literary figures. Born in Lithuania in 1911, the child of recent immigrants from Poland, Milosz grew up familiar to the transient spaces of migration and transnational living. He would inhabit many different spaces throughout his lifetime, each movement corresponding to periods of political upheaval and change. Milosz witnessed several regime changes throughout his lifetime, living in Eastern Europe through both World Wars and during the rise of the communist state. Eventually, in the 1950s Milosz defected to the West, leaving his native Poland to live in Paris, where he would remain for the next decade before finally immigrating to the United States. Throughout this time, Milosz made a name for himself as a prominent writer and poet, examining his life of social and political turmoil through the lens of a transmigrant.
Milosz’s writing closely reflects his own experiences, examining Eastern Europe through its many periods of conflict and political transformations. Yet, as a resident of both the East and West, Milosz is able to characterize these historical events through a new, transnational lens, incorporating views and influences from both his communist past as well as from western capitalism. As a resident of multiple, dissimilar places across the world, Milosz is able to merge an array of cultures and bring his own experiences to new national audiences. Even after moving to the United States, he continued to write in his native Polish, further connecting his subject matter to his homeland and transcending borders as a transnational poet.